Things You Don't Know About Your Network
Think your network is secure? Guess again. Chances are you have glaring security holes in your network. I’m not talking about random holes that no one would think to check–I’m talking about very simple things that give attackers all of the information they could possibly want on your network equpiment.
DISCLAIMER: Please do NOT attempt to perform any attacks or active reconnaissance based on the information in this article unless it is on your own network and you have permission to do so! You could end up in jail, and I’m not responsible for your actions. If you can’t resist, just stop reading here.
Selecting a Target Platform
For this very simple reconnaissance mission, we’re going to target a Junos platform that responds to public SNMP requests. This allows us to gain as much information as we could possibly want about our potential targets and gives us an at-a-glance view of our potential target base.
I’ll even be a bit more specific–we’re looking for Juniper EX platforms on the public Internet responding to public SNMP requests which may be using a default community (or one easily brute forced) and most likely running SNMPv2c.
Hop over to ShodanHQ and poke around a bit. When you’re relatively satisfied, come back here and we’ll keep going.
Our search string is actually pretty simple. It is just
port:161 country:us. Enter that in the search box and hit enter. Or
you could just point your browser
Note: You need an account (it’s free) to search by country. Feel free to leave the country off, though, and see your global target base.
The results may surprise you. You don’t even have to run the SNMP
reconnassaince yourself, really, as Shodan gives you the results of
sysDescr MIB. Now, here’s the trick: it appears that
when Shodan is doing its poke at things, it’s actually brute-forcing the
community–with a great deal of success, I might add. Some of these may
be using a community string of public. Others may be using
something equally simple but easily guessed.
To be honest, depending on the type of attack you’d like to ultimately launch, you could just stop here. But if you want more details about the system–IP addresses, hardware installed, anything that sends its details via SNMP–you could use SNMP as your only tool for gathering information and have everything you need.
Finding an Exploit
This is also trivial. Let’s say you knew you wanted to target Juniper
EX switches, but you didn’t know what attacks were out there or what the
severity of those attacks are. Enter Shodan once again, this time via
their Shodan Exploits site. Enter a
search query of
junos 10.4, or follow this
Note: there seems to be an issue with the links for exploits that results in 404s for all of the exploits. Since they’re CVEs, though, you can just grab the CVE number (it’s the last part of the URL for the exploit-db link) and look up the info on the Official CVE site.
Voila. You have a list of exploits that telling you what versions are affected and what the attack vector is. You also have a list of affected devices. If you make use of the Shodan API, it’s even easier.
To be fair, you actually have to have a way to perform the exploit. But hackers are pretty smart people. There’s probably an exploit out there already that they just have to fish up. Or, if the target is important or large enough, they’ll just write their own.
The point of this article has been to point out how extremely easy it is to perform reconnaissance on a network. And–chances are–you’re affected. I spoke with a few engineers last night and was able to find exposed machines in their networks just by searching by company name. They had no clue they were as exposed as they are.